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CSC Scientific Blog

“How Many Ways to Measure Moisture?”

Posted by Art Gatenby on Sep 6, 2019 10:15:00 AM

“How Many Ways are there to Measure Moisture?” 

That is a recurrent question in early discussions about moisture measurement problems. Is frequently asked in connection with specific products and applications. This is a basic primer on the main techniques.

Most Used Methods to Measure Moisture Content

There are four core methods.  They include the use of heat, chemicals, electrical properties and electrro magnetic phenomena.

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Topics: Moisture

Instrument Accuracy?  Is it only an illusion?

Posted by Art Gatenby on Aug 28, 2019 12:05:00 PM

Regularly I’m asked the question; “How accurate is this moisture balance?”

The questioner asks for the answer in terms of percent (%) moisture. When I answer “it depends”, I always get the unspoken response, “Why did I ask this stupid idiot?

Absolute Measurement

When you ask about the accuracy of something like weight or temperature the answers are straight forward and relate to the instruments' precision. For example 25 grams or 50 degrees plus or minus (+/-) 0.1 gram or 1/2 degree.  

Percent is Relative

When you ask the question of how accurate is my percentage reading, the answer becomes complicated. It’s complicated because percentage (%) is a relative term. For example, the answer for the result of a Loss on Drying (LOD) moisture test, is based on the size of the sample you use.

Using the example of a LOD moisture test we can understand the concept. The result of this type of test is calculated by subtracting the weight of the sample at the end of the test from the weight of the sample at the beginning of the test. This difference is divided by the initial weight of the sample. This procedure produces a % moisture result.

Sample Size

In the following analysis, the implication s of sample size and instrument precision will be illustrated. This will be based on a sample that has 23.5% moisture and an electronic LOD moisture balance that has a sensitivity of 0.001 grams and repeatability of ± .005 grams.

Sample Analysis

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Topics: Moisture Analysis, Moisture Testing, CSC Digital Moisture Balance, Loss-On-Drying, Moisture, moisture balance, instrument accuracy

Four Reasons Why Food Manufacturers Should Monitor Moisture

Posted by Amanda Ranowsky on Mar 12, 2018 8:00:00 AM

Moisture content is a critical factor to consider in the food industry. The amount of water in a product affects the product’s texture, shelf life, ease of processing, and cost to produce. Snack foods, baked goods, pet food, and dried goods are just a few examples of products that are vulnerable to moisture content issues like these. In many cases, an easy loss-on drying (LOD) test will allow you to monitor the moisture content of these products. (See the 3 Easy Steps to Run a LOD Test here.
 
Simple moisture analysis can be all it takes to improve the quality of your product. Let’s take a closer look at how moisture content affects each of these four product and production aspects.
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Topics: Moisture Oven Test, Moisture Analysis, Moisture Testing, CSC Digital Moisture Balance, Loss-On-Drying, Moisture, fast moisture test, moisture balance, moisture content, moisture measurement

How Long Does a Water Activity Test Take?

Posted by Amanda Ranowsky on Jul 27, 2017 8:00:00 AM

The answer to the question, “How Long Does a Water Activity Test Take?” is, as with most testing questions, “it depends.” Some water activity meters promise a test completed in a very short time; some in as little as five minutes. This time is an arbitrary selection that may or may not produce a satisfactory result.

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Topics: Bound Moisture, Free Moisture, Moisture Analysis, Water Activity, Moisture, water activity measurement

Capacitance & Moisture *** What is It? *** Why Should You Care?

Posted by Art Gatenby on Jan 4, 2016 3:54:31 PM

As people who measure moisture, we at CSC Scientific work to find the best technique.

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Topics: Moisture Analysis, Moisture Testing, Moisture, capacitance, fast moisture test

Don’t Worry - Karl Fischer is Easy

Posted by Art Gatenby on Nov 16, 2015 5:25:25 PM

When we first started measuring moisture with Karl Fischer, I was instructed in the complex chemical reactions involved. I was also was told that the process was skittish.

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Topics: Coulometric Karl Fischer, Volumetric Karl Fischer, Moisture Testing, Karl Fischer, Karl Fischer Titration, Moisture

How I Learned That Black Liquor Was Not Dark Rum

Posted by Art Gatenby on Jun 26, 2014 4:31:00 PM

When our customers tell me about the different places where CENCO and CSC Digital Moisture balances are used it always interests me.

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Topics: Moisture Analysis, Moisture Testing, Moisture

What Can I Use To Get The Moisture Content In My Product?

Posted by Art Gatenby on Oct 3, 2013 5:36:00 PM

A question we get a lot is:

“How do I determine the moisture in my product?

Of course, the answer is often “it depends”, and the method does depend on the chemical and physical composition of the product. There are several methods used to determine moisture content: Loss-on-Drying (also known as Weight Loss), Karl Fischer, NIR, and Radio Frequency. 

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Topics: "Ask Art", Moisture Analysis, Karl Fischer, CSC Digital Moisture Balance, Loss-On-Drying, Moisture

What is Moisture Content?

Posted by Art Gatenby on May 29, 2012 3:24:00 PM

Last week, as I was reflecting on a recent moisture content problem, I recalled our series “Loss-on Drying and Other Moisture Mysteries.” In that series I examined moisture chemistry in products. However, I did little to define moisture content.

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Topics: Bound Moisture, Free Moisture, Moisture Analysis, Water Activity, Moisture Testing, Karl Fischer, Karl Fischer Titration, Moisture

Why Do I Get Inconsistent Moisture Test Results?

Posted by Art Gatenby on Oct 14, 2011 2:32:00 PM

Why are my Moisture Test results inconsistent?” 

That is an issue for many of you who test for moisture. We discussed the complexities and multiplicity of issues involved with moisture content determination in our “Loss-on Drying Moisture Analysis and other Moisture Mysteries” series.

In addition to intrinsic properties of test samples that may adversely affect moisture testing systems, automatic equipment parameter set-up, operator oversights and sample handling contribute to seemingly intractable moisture test result inaccuracies.

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Topics: Moisture Analysis, Moisture Testing, Karl Fischer, Loss-On-Drying, Moisture

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