Test Sieves - Sieve Shakers - Sieve Calibration - Test Analysis
Sieve size nomenclature is about either the sieve frame size or the openings.
Our online store shows all the frame and aperture sizes available, as well as the media material. Click on the Sieve Department button:
ASTM and ISO provide standards dealing with test sieve construction and acceptable variations of sieve openings. We offer sieve certification and calibrated microspheres to help you ensure that each laboratory sieve is working properly.
The usual process of conducting a sieve test to determine particle size distribution is to place a stack of sieves on a device called a Sieve Shaker. A sample is loaded into the top sieve and the machine moves in vertical and horizontal directions. The test is completed when no further material passes through the bottom sieve in the stack.CSC handles a range of shakers that start with the Meinzer II for simple materials (one of the quiet sieve shakers) and includes heavy duty shakers and specialized machines for very small particles such as the Sonic Sifter.
See the full range of Sieve Shakers in the Shaker department of our online store.
When a sieve analysis process is finished, the test results (amount retained in each sieve and sample weight) are displayed on the screen. Results can be printed or sent to a computer.
Elements of Particle Size Analysis Using Test Sieves
Particle Size Determination or particle measuring, using test sieves entails the passing of particles through screens (sieves) of ever decreasing size. To effectively conduct sieve testing operations beyond the simplest manual sieve test, several components are needed.
The basic element is the test sieve. Because of its normal construction, the tolerance of the sieve openings from one sieve to another of the same stated size becomes an important detail. ASTM and ISO provide standards dealing with test sieve construction and acceptable variations of sieve openings. These openings range in size from 5” down to 20µm (µm = micron)
Watch this video to see how some of these sizes compare to every day items.
To facilitate the movement of particles through a group (known as a stack) of sieves, vertical and horizontal motion is imparted to the test sample with a machine known as a sieve shaker.
These shakers have simple mechanisms and are used for determining size distributions in common materials. For materials that have problems of agglomeration, other more violent forces are needed, such as tapping. When smaller particles - for example in the 20µm to 50µm micron range - need to be passed through a sieve, other techniques are needed. These include vacuum assisted methods and ultra-sonic means.
The final step in particle size distribution analysis using test sieves is the determination of the amount of test material remaining on each sieve in the stack. This is done by weighing each sieve and subtracting the empty sieve weight, or by removing the material from each sieve and weighing it. This process has always been tedious. Several schemes can be used to speed up this final process. Check out the CSC solution.
The last step in the process is the cleaning of residue left in the sieves after completing a sieve analysis test. The cleaning procedures range from brushing out the mesh to using ultra-sonic cleaners.
We provide products to accomplish each of these tasks. Check out our sieve and sieve shaker offerings, as well as our accessory equipment. To order online and see the full listing of sieve testing equipment, click here for the Particle Size Department of our online store.