CSC Scientific Blog

A blog about test equipment

Art Gatenby

Manufacturer of test equipment. The Company specialized in the measurement of Moisture, Particle Size and Surface Tension. In these areas CSC Scientific serves the Food, Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Petroleum, Waste Water, Mining, Power and similar industries.
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Recent Posts

Surface Tension - Rings, Bubbles, Drops, and Plates

Posted by Art Gatenby on Oct 19, 2020 4:12:12 PM

The definition of Liquid Surface Tension is simple.  

It's the force that keeps a liquid from flying off into space.

However, the measurement of surface tension can take many forms, which can be confusing. In an attempt to get some clarity, we have articulated two principle measurement concepts in this article: drop-based measurement and force-based measurement.

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Topics: Automatic Digital Tensiometer, Automatic Surface Tension Measurment, Surface Tension Measurement, Surface Tension, Interfacial Tensiometer, interfacial tension, tensiometers, du Nouy tensiometer, surface tension instruments, surface tension analysis

What is the Difference Between Dynamic and Kinematic Viscosity?

Posted by Art Gatenby on Oct 19, 2020 3:30:00 AM

At first glance, viscosity seems like a fairly simple concept. It helps describe how thick a product is, or how well it flows. That's all, right?

In reality, there are several different terms that come under the heading of viscosity. These terms are derived from how the viscosity is measured. When people talk about viscosity, they are talking about one of two things: kinematic viscosity or dynamic viscosity.

It's not easy to find a lot of information on the differences between dynamic and kinematic viscosity. This is my attempt to bring clarity to these two principal concepts.

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Topics: Newtonian Fluid, Viscometers, Viscosity, Consistency, Kinematic Viscosity, Dynamic Viscosity, rotational viscometer, Liquid Properties, density, Texture Analysis, gel time

Walk On Water??? Really??? Surface Tension Says Yes!!!

Posted by Art Gatenby on Oct 14, 2020 4:04:16 PM

Yes, you can walk on water: with Surface Tension.

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Topics: Surface Tension Measurement, tensiometers, surface tension instruments, surface tension analysis, walk on water

Sieve Calibration Is the Holy Grail!

Posted by Art Gatenby on Oct 13, 2020 5:30:00 PM

Yes Harry, there is a Santa Claus. Or, more specifically, there really is a Holy Grail for ensuring consistent particle size analysis. 

If you’ve been following along, you know it was proven by Pequeño and his family of 150 micron particles who tried to bust our friend Harry’s quality control by attempting to slip through the mesh in Harry’s test sieves and defeat sieve certification.

(If you missed this drama, check out previous posts in the Holy Grail series.)

Now that we have indeed confirmed that, yes, sieve calibration really is the Holy Grail that sieve testers have been looking for, let’s get to work and dive a little deeper. Let’s examine some methods of sieve calibration.

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Topics: Pequeño, Calibration, Particle Size Analysis, Sieve Calibration, Sieve Certification, Sieve Testing, Sieves, Sieving Process, du Nouy tensiometer, sieve mesh, particle sieze testing, sieve stack, Sieve Quality

Can We Fix The Problems Of Sieve Certification?

Posted by Art Gatenby on Aug 31, 2020 5:11:00 PM

You may remember Pequeño and his family of very small 150 micron (150µ) particles being very determined to defeat sieve certification.

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Topics: Calibration, Particle Size Analysis, Sieve Calibration, Sieve Certification, Sieve Testing, Sieves, Sieving Process, Sieve Analysis, Sieve Quality

Does Calibration Light The Way To The Sieving Holy Grail

Posted by Art Gatenby on Aug 19, 2020 4:00:00 PM

All about sieve Calibration

We continue to search for answers to the question "Is Sieve Calibration Really the Holy Grail?Pequeño, you may remember him as a very small (150-micron) particle who has many similar-sized family members. They are determined to defeat Brad and his Sieve Certification. 

Foiling A Sieve Test

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Topics: Calibration, Particle Size Analysis, Sieve Certification, Sieve Testing, Sieves, Sieving Process, Sieve Analysis

Will Certification Lead To The  Holy Grail Of Sieving?

Posted by Art Gatenby on Aug 14, 2020 3:00:00 PM

Adventures of Pequeño

This is another Adventure of Pequeño: The 150 Micron Particle, I wonder why I get myself into these fantasies. However, once I start I feel constrained to press on.

In an earlier encounter, our little friend Pequeño, was on a determined quest to make it through sieves -- particularly those through which were said be too small for him to pass. In this scenario, Pequeño along with some of his family and friends -- all small particles about 150 microns in size -- are on their way to a sieve test.

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Topics: Sieve Shakers, Sieve Blinding, ASTM, Pequeño, Calibration, Particle Size Analysis, Sieve Calibration, Sieve Certification, Sieve Testing, Sieves, sieve shaker, sieve stack, certfication

Is There a  Holy Grail of Sieve Analysis?

Posted by Art Gatenby on Aug 5, 2020 12:00:00 AM

Holy grail and Sieve Calibration

Sieve calibration is the final step in determining whether processes yield suitable end results. In other words:
  • Is your concrete going to be strong enough?
  • Will you chocolates taste right?

  • Will your washing powder flow and dissolve as advertised?

  • Is there dangerous residue in your pill stock?

  • Will the “frack sand” keep the fractures open?

  • Is my salt of the correct grade?

If these are not correct, serious consequences could result (e.g. spoiled product, returned batches, rework or scrap).

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Topics: Calibration, Particle Size Analysis, Sieve Calibration, Sieve Certification, Sieve Testing, Sieves, Sieving Process, particle sieze testing

The Simple Truth About Karl Fischer Moisture

Posted by Art Gatenby on Jul 9, 2020 3:05:35 PM


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Topics: Coulometric Karl Fischer, Moisture Analysis, Moisture Testing, Karl Fischer Oven, Karl Fischer, Karl Fischer Titration, Loss-On-Drying, Moisture, interfacial tension, moisture content, moisture measurement

Loss-on Drying and Other Moisture Mysteries - Part V: Drying

Posted by Art Gatenby on Jun 17, 2020 12:18:01 PM

What seems like a million words ago, I began this journey explaining the simplest approach to measuring or determining moisture: Loss-on Drying. Little did I know how involved and esoteric it would become.

This voyage has taken me down mysterious paths through spooky theories, back to age-old chemistry concepts and into the vagaries of thermodynamics related to evaporation, vapor pressure, bound water and water activity. I have come full-circle; back to explaining Loss-on Drying -- a form of drying that I had assumed would be the simplest of all.

I thought the first four topics [evaporation, vapor pressure, bound moisture, water activity] were tough, complex, confounding and less-than-obvious. Drying -- defined as “the mass-transfer process of removing water (or other solute) by evaporation from a solid, semi solid or liquid” -- seemed easy.

As is often the case, reality makes “easy” a non-operative word. Such has turned out to be so with respect to the issue of drying.

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Topics: Free Moisture, Moisture Sorption Isotherm, Moisture Oven Test, Moisture Analysis, Moisture Testing, Loss-On-Drying, Moisture

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