One of the most frequently asked questions we get is, "How can I get a viscosity reading from the Bostwick Consistometer?" The answer is, "You can't." We've elaborated on this in other articles. We've even got a great infographic to explain the difference. With this article, I hope to advance the understanding of the difference between these concepts even futher.
To try and put it simply, consistency is the relative ability of a sample to flow. The results that the consistometer gives you won't be standards used worldwide, nationwide, or even industry-wide because they can't be. The consistometer can only tell you how far your product will spread under its own weight in the amount of time you set.
Viscosity is more complex. Viscosity is the measure of how hard it is to force a substance into motion (aka "flow"). With most substances, the amount of force and/or the amount of time the force is applied will alter a substance's viscosity. That said, the results you get from a viscometer are numbers that can be colmpared to industry, national, and international standards.
Clear as mud?
The fact remains that these two phenomena are similar enough to warrent the question, "Do I need to test consistency or viscosity?"
Consistency and viscosity are measured differently, and each has its own instrument to do the job. Let's start with a primer on the instruments themselves:
There are several different types of viscometers - glass capillary, falling ball, and rotational being just a few of the options. I'm going to talk about the rotational viscometer. If you're interested in learning about the other kinds of viscometers, check our our article on the differences between kinematic and dynamic viscosity.
With the consistometer, you're getting an idea of the internal characteristic of your liquid sample with no external force acting on it. With the rotational viscometer, you can learn about the characteristics of the liquid when there is an external force acting on it.
You're probably now asking yourself, "how do I know if I need to test my liquid sample with external force, or without it?" The answer is, as with so many things, it depends.
Start by asking yourself this question: "What is the goal of my testing?" What is it that you want to know about your product?
A manufacturer of toothpaste might want to make sure that his product will be thick enough to stay in the toothpaste tube without dripping, but not so thick that it will be hard to squeeze a portion onto a customer's toothbrush. In this case, a rotational viscometer testing the effects of external force (squeezing the tube) on the product would be the manufacturer's best bet.
Each instrument has its own benefits and limitations. The Bostwick Consistometer offers many attractive features - quick test time, easy-to-use with little training required, and offers the freedom to set your own standards. It's great for simple QA testing. However, the consistometer is not appropriate for all liquids. Very thick substances that won't flow of their own accord (think cookie dough), or super-thin liquids (milk, water, etc.) are not suitable for the consistometer, but could be tested with a viscometer.
Measurement done with a rotational viscometer can be compared to international and industry-wide standards. You can use the viscometer to see how the characteristics of your liquid change in different settings. However, the viscometer is more technical than the consistometer, and requires the operator to have a bit more training to properly run tests with the instrument.
Hope this little discussion is helpful for you! Still got questions? Contact us today at firstname.lastname@example.org or call us at (703) 876-4030. We can help you decide which instrument is appropriate for your testing situation.
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